A research paper is said to be academic writing that combines analysis, interpretation, and argument based on thorough independent study.
Writing research papers is similar to writing academic essays. Still, they are generally more extended and more in-depth tasks to evaluate your writing abilities and your research skills. A research paper must show that you have a solid understanding of your topic, engage with various sources, and contribute something new to the discussion.
This step-by-step tutorial takes you through every part of the writing process, from determining your assignment to proofreading your final draft.
Understand the Research Paper Assignment
Successfully finishing a research paper implies that you fulfill all assigned objectives. Make sure you know what you’re getting yourself into before you begin:
- Please read it carefully, and search for anything that might be difficult to understand with your professor.
- Identify the assignment goal, deadline, length requirements, formatting, and submission mode.
- Make a list of the essential aspects, then go back and cross things off as you go.
Take into consideration the amount of time you have and the length of your chosen language. Be realistic, and prepare for enough time to research, write, and edit.
Choose A Research Paper Topic
There are several methods to generate a research paper proposal, from writing it out longhand to discussing it with another student or professor.
You may try freewriting, which entails writing for two or three minutes on a broad subject to find anything genuinely relevant that could be fascinating.
You may also find inspiration in another study. Academic papers’ discussion and conclusion sections frequently include suggestions for additional specific areas that need further study.
Choose a topic that interests you, fits your assignment’s criteria, and is feasible to research once you’ve established a broad subject area. Aim for suggestions that are both novel and precise.
- A paper following the timeline of World War II may not be unique or detailed enough.
- A paper on the experiences of Danish citizens who lived near the German border during World War II would be precise and unique.
What Can Proofreading Do For Your Research Paper?
Editors at WPS editors not only correct grammar and spelling mistakes but also increase the clarity of your text by detecting and eliminating vague language, needless words, and unclear phrasing.
Conduct Preliminary Research
If you’re writing a composition on the same topic, make sure to include any relevant discussions. Look for an issue that you may focus your paper on. To ensure that you do not overlook anything crucial, use various sources, including journals, books, and trustworthy websites.
Examine any claims you have in mind alongside sources that contradict them.
- Is anything you’ve discovered in the materials you examine overlooked by others?
- Is there anything you could address in a heated debate?
- Do you have a different perspective on something?
- Have any significant new findings built on existing research?
In this phase, you may wish to develop some research questions to assist you. Try completing the following sentence: “I’d want to know how/what/why….”
Develop A Research Paper Thesis Statement
A thesis statement is claimed to be one-sentence declaration of your paper’s central argument — it states the purpose and standpoint of the article. The thesis statement should resolve if you begin with a study question, and it should also explain how you’ll use evidence and logic to back up your conclusion.
The thesis writing statement should be brief, contentious, and coherent. It should summarize your argument in a sentence or two; call for additional evidence or analysis, and make a sensible connection between all sections of the paper.
The thesis statement will most likely be revised and refined as you conduct more research, but it may serve as a road map throughout the writing process. Every paragraph should strive to back up and strengthen this significant assertion.
Create A Research Paper Outline
A research paper outline structure is essentially a list of the critical subjects, arguments, and evidence you want to use, divided into sections with headers, so you know roughly what the piece will look like before you start writing.
Making the writing process more efficient by using a structured outline is possible, so it’s worth investing some time into one.
Write A First Draft of The Research Paper
You’re not going to write your first novel in a day, and it’s possible to polish it later. The following are your significant focuses at this stage:
- Maintaining momentum — write now, perfect later.
- When you get to the second draft, keeping track of clean organization and logical arrangement of paragraphs and sentences will aid you in your efforts.
- This is all about communicating your ideas as clearly as possible, so you know exactly what you want to say when you return to the text.
It’s not necessary, to begin with, the introduction. Some people start with the most challenging sections, while others start with the simplest ones. If you outlined, use it as a guide as you go.
Don’t erase whole paragraphs. If you begin to dislike something you’ve written or it does not fit, move it to a different document, but don’t lose it entirely — you never know when you’ll need it again.
Research Paper Paragraph Structure
Paragraphs are the fundamental components of research papers, and each should concentrate on a single point or notion that aids in the paper’s conclusion.
Here’s an example of a well-structured paragraph. To discover more, hover your cursor over the words.
It’s also critical to keep track of citations at this point to avoid unintentional plagiarism. Each time you cite a source, note where the information came from.
To quickly write citations, you may use our free citation producers to generate citations automatically and store your reference list as you go.
Write The Introduction of Research Paper
The introduction of a research paper should answer three questions: What, why, and how. The reader should know what the paper entails, why it is worth reading, and how you’ll support your claims after finishing the introduction.
What? Be clear about the paper’s subject, offer some background knowledge, and define key terms or concepts.
Why? The most useful, also the most difficult, aspect of the start is this. Consider offering brief replies to the following questions: What new information or insight are you providing? What significant issues does your essay help clarify or address?
How? The introduction should have a “map” of what will be discussed, including a brief description of the significant parts of the paper in chronological order, to let the reader know what they may anticipate from the rest of the text.
Write A Compelling Research Paper Body
The main difficulty many writers confront is organizing the information in their papers, which is one of the reasons an outline is so beneficial. However, keep in mind that the outline is only a suggestion and that you may freely rearrange the order of the material and arguments as you write.
Consider using your thesis statement and topic phrases as a method to stay on track. Check:
- Reiterate the topic sentences against the thesis statement
- Copywriting is a process of making things easier to understand by pairing opposing sentences and creating cohesive, logical orderings.
- As a result, split the first paragraph of each section by putting an independent clause between two subject sentences.
Be cautious if two or more paragraphs seem to deal with the same issues. If two passages address the same issue similarly, they should do so in distinct ways. Transitions between sentences, paragraphs, and sections should be as seamless as possible.
Write The Conclusion Research Paper
The conclusion of your research paper is meant to assist your reader out of the argument and provide them a sense of completion.
Trace the paper’s path, emphasizing how everything ties together to demonstrate your thesis statement. Make sure the reader understands how you’ve solved issues raised in the introduction by giving the paper a sense of finality.
You might expand on the more global results of the debate, describe what the paper contributes to future students of the subject, and offer any questions the paper’s argument but can’t or doesn’t try to answer.
You should not:
- New arguments or critical information should be provided.
- Take up an additional room than is required.
- Begin with stock phrases that indicate the conclusion of your paper (e.g., “In conclusion”).
The Second Research Paper Draft
There are four primary questions to answer when it comes to the second draft.
- It’s critical to check your paper for mistakes right away, mainly if you’ve submitted it prematurely. It’s also vital to ensure that the first draft fulfills the assignment and that your paper still addresses it.
- Examine each point for clarity and accuracy, and make any modifications necessary. Determine whether any assumptions need to be justified (more substantially). If you can’t prove it further, eliminate it.
- Be willing to reconsider your viewpoints. Check to see whether any parts of the essay feel misplaced and whether your thoughts may be rearranged.
- If you discover that old concepts don’t fit as well as you had imagined, it’s time to eliminate or condense them. You could also notice new and better ideas during the writing of the first draft – now is the time to include them in the paper.
The Research Paper Revision Process
The primary objective of the revision and proofreading process is to ensure that you’ve completed all necessary activities and that the paper is as well-articulated as possible.
- Confirm that your paper fulfills every portion of the work mentioned on your assignment sheet.
- Check for logical structure and flow of paragraphs.
- Examine the opening and conclusion sections against each other.
Make a list of the paragraphs in your essay, checking each one for accuracy. Make sure that
- Each sentence aids in the development of the topic sentence.
- The paper is simple, small (between one and two pages), clear, concise, and free of excessive or irrelevant information.
- Resources are provided for each keyword you want to rank for, together with a list of technical terms your audience may not be familiar with.
Next, consider sentence structure, grammatical errors, and formatting. Ensure you use appropriate transition words and phrases to show the relationships between your thoughts. Look for typos, superfluous words, and consistency in heading style (such as bold or italics) and spellings.
Finally, you must check that your paper is correctly formatted using the citation style you have chosen. For example, you could need an MLA title page or an APA title page.
Professional editors at Writer Services can assist with revising using our award-winning Proofreading & Editing, Clarity Check, and Structure Check services.
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