An argumentative essay topics are an essay that relies on fact and logic to persuade the reader of a certain viewpoint. Although many essays try to persuade the reader to accept a particular perspective, argumentative essays rely extensively on solid evidence, utilizing additional research and sources to illustrate their point.
Don’t be fooled by the name: Argumentative essays don’t have to be aggressive or combative. The term originates from arguing in which the author supports enough research to both their position and demolish opposing opinions. When writing an argumentative essay, keep in mind that you aim to demonstrate that your thesis is the only rational conclusion.
Argumentative essays are only as good as their argument, and structuring excellent arguments necessitate a little more than simply being obstinate. The following are the most helpful approaches for writing an ideal argumentative essay. But don’t take our word for it; our evidence speaks for itself!
What Is an Argumentative Essay?
An argumentative essay aims to persuade the reader to accept a certain viewpoint. In an argumentative essay, the technique of convincing is fact-based evidence and unquestionable logic, which is used to prove that thesis true.
Persuasive essays do the same, but they are more emotional and less formal. Argumentative essays concentrate on concrete empirical evidence, while persuasive essays focus more on the reader’s emotions. To put it another way, argumentative essays value quantitative proof, whereas persuasive essays value qualitative proof.
It’s also simple to mix up argumentative essays with expository papers, which similarly rely on fact-based evidence and extensive research. The primary distinction is a bias: Argumentative essays assume that one perspective is correct, while expository papers typically present all sides of the issue and leave it to the reader to decide.
One of the distinguishing features of argumentative essays is that the thesis is not immediately obvious. It generally requires a response to strong opposition, which necessitates an explanation of why it’s incorrect. For example, “the sky is blue on a sunny day” would be a terrible thesis for an argumentative essay. Not only would it be superfluous, but it would also be overly simple: your evidence could be stated to be “look outside,” and you’re done!
The purpose of an argumentative essay is to eliminate any doubt about the thesis’s accuracy, generally by refuting or invalidating opposing viewpoints. That’s why argumentative essays don’t just focus on the author’s viewpoint; they also touch on competing for contrary viewpoints. If you ignore all of the others, it’s difficult to identify one viewpoint as “correct.”
Basic Argumentative Essay Structure
Because the entire argumentative essay is based on how effectively you defend your position, the structure of your essay is critical. Worse still, argumentative essays require you to respond to other viewpoints; they have a more complicated structural makeup than other essay types. The following factors alone would persuade you to consider multiple options: who should be addressed first in the argument, and when is it appropriate to present important evidence? Let’s start with the most basic argumentative essay structure: the basic five-paragraph form that works for most short essays.
- You begin with your introduction, which should clearly express your thesis and lay the groundwork for the rest of your essay.
- The body of your essay is made up of your second, third, and fourth paragraphs. Here you should put forth your ideas and evidence and refute opposing views. Each paragraph should concentrate on one aspect of the argument or one mistaken notion.
- The conclusion of your essay is its fifth and last paragraph, where you re-emphasize your thesis in the light of all preceding evidence and succinctly summarize everything.
This simple structure works well in a pinch, especially for timed essays that are part of a test. However, if your essay needs more intricacy, it should be longer than five paragraphs.
Advanced Argumentative Essay Structure
In certain circumstances, essays require more sophisticated arguments and definitive refutations than normal. In these situations, the three main formats below should be able to meet your argumentative essay’s needs.
When to use it: making straightforward arguments
The Aristotelian or classic argument is a typical structure for a clear argument, similar to the basic five-paragraph form. It employs credibility (ethos), pathos (emotion), and logos (logic) in its arguments, which may be used with almost any message. In structure, it takes a straightforward and logical route:
- Introduce the problem.
- Explain your perspective.
- Explain your opponent’s perspective. Refute their points one-by-one as you go.
- Present your evidence.
- Conclude your argument.
When to utilize it: When your thesis is a refutation or counterargument, you’re attempting to convey complicated problems with no obvious truth.
The Toulmin method was designed to evaluate arguments rather than the people who make them, so it’s appropriate for essays. Because it is steeped in logic and deep analysis, this technique works particularly well on complicated issues that need unraveling and debunking an opposing viewpoint from beginning to end.
It includes six key components in its basic form, but you may arrange them in whatever order works best for your essay. Remember that your claim, itself a refutation of another standpoint, might be refuted as part of another thesis rather than presenting your own.
- Claim: Make sure your thesis or argument is stated clearly.
- Reasons: You should include any evidence you wish to submit, including data or common knowledge.
- Warrant: The connection between your claim and the reasons for it must be made clear (requiring you to state assumptions explicitly, so there’s no confusion)
- Backing: There might be additional evidence that helps support your case.
- Qualifier: the point at which your claim would reach its pinnacle, including concessions
- Rebuttal: Refuting opposing views and criticisms of your position are also essential.
When to use it: It’s not easy to communicate with people who disagree with you on a subject. When you’re trying to persuade someone, you need to show both sides of the argument while also appealing to the audience as a whole.
The Rogerian technique is a compromise method that accepts both your thesis and the opposing view. It’s the most nonconfrontational and courteous, which helps persuade people naturally opposed to your major claim. It has a five-step framework in structure:
- Explain what the problem is.
- Begin with your opponent’s perspective. When they’re correct, validate them.
- Explain yourself from your viewpoint.
- Bring both sides together. Create a middle ground where the opposing views can coexist.
- Conclude your (balanced) argument.
How To Write a Good Thesis?
After reading your paper, the conclusion is the one thing you want your readers to remember. What are you attempting to persuade them of, or what do you want them to recall after they’ve finished reading? Knowing this information helps you plan all other aspects of writing an essay, including which evidence to collect and how to structure it.
Choose a topic that you care about (if it hasn’t been assigned). It’s better if your argument is precise; having a broad or vague argument necessitates a more detailed analysis, which may lead to a lengthy essay.
Consider your audience as well. You don’t always have to give readers what they want to hear, but their preconceptions should influence how you write your essay, including how you phrase it and how much emphasis you put on the opposition.
Choose a thesis that has enough evidence. Argumentative essays thrive on genuine proof from reputable sources, and you don’t want to spend time looking for information that isn’t there. If you can’t come up with many facts to support your argument, it’s probably not worth arguing it in the first place.
How to Compose an Argumentative Essay: The Writing Process
Argumentative essays follow the same writing process as other papers, albeit with an increased focus on researching and preparing. Here’s a quick rundown of how to modify the process for argumentative essays:
· Brainstorming: Take some time to construct a fantastic thesis based on our suggestions above if your argument isn’t given in the assignment.
· Preparing: The third stage is for gathering all of the evidence you’ll need for your essay, as well as producing an outline. Because proof is important in argumentative essays, set aside enough time for research until you’ve gathered all of the necessary back-ups. It’s also a wonderful opportunity to plan out your paper, addressing topics like when and how to discuss opposing views.
· Drafting: Make the first draft of your essay. Including any data and direct quotations as soon as possible, especially in argumentative essays that frequently use outside sources, is beneficial.
· Revising: Once you’ve had a chance to reflect on it, polish your rough draft with correct word choice and structure if necessary. Make sure that your writing is understandable and appropriate for the reader.
· Proofreading: Select just a few mistakes to correct at a time. If you’re not confident in your grammar abilities or diction, consider utilizing Grammarly.
It’s a good idea to have a fresh set of eyes on your essays before submitting them. Examine whether your case is compelling enough to persuade your pals!
Argumentative Essay Writing Tips
Whether you’re writing an argumentative essay or anything else, these tips for producing better essays are equally as applicable, so that’s where we suggest you start if you want further assistance. Try these:
· Support your argument with concrete facts
Argumentative essays are similar to persuasive essays in that they essentially appeal to the reader’s emotions. While persuasion essays appeal to the reader’s emotions, argumentative essays appeal to the reader’s intellect. That is why firm facts are most effective.
Do a lot of research until you have enough information to back up each of your major points. Feel free to include other sources or studies to help you appear more credible. Try to keep your viewpoints and sentiments out of it as much as possible—let the data speak for itself.
· Be proactive about language.
Tone and style are more significant in an argumentative essay than you may imagine, especially if you’re condemning another person’s viewpoint. When choosing your words and phrases, be considerate. Even if rebutting an objectionable point of view with an aggressive tone reflects badly on the author, using such language towards a horrible target shows even less respect.
· Use aids for style and grammar
Even the tiniest mistake in your writing may sabotage the most carefully prepared argument. The difficulty is that if you’re distracted by grammar and spelling, it’s difficult to develop an excellent argument.
Grammarly finds and reports all of your mistakes, allowing you to focus on what matters. It also examines your tone and clarity to ensure that your real argument always shines through. Get Grammarly today to assist with your next writing project by downloading it now.
Argumentative Essay Topic Ideas
If you’re having trouble coming up with ideas on your own, check out this list of argumentative essay topics for inspiration!
- Is it possible that fracking is legal?
- Is it possible that parents can change their unborn children?
- Is it true that GMOs are beneficial or harmful to people?
- Is it legal for children to attend public school if they haven’t been vaccinated?
- Will world governments intervene in the battle against climate change?
- Is it legal for Facebook to obtain information from its customers?
- Is it legal to operate self-driving cars?
- Is it right to replace human laborers with technology?
- Is it illegal to use a cell phone while driving? Should there be limitations placed on the usage of mobile phones while behind the wheel?
- What effect has the internet had on human society?
- Should college athletes be paid for participating in sports teams?
- Is the amount of money earned by coaches and players similar?
- Should gender divide sports?
- Should the notion of designated hitters in baseball be eradicated?
- Should the United States increase its soccer admiration?
- Is it unlawful for religious organizations to be taxed?
- Is it wrong to form a faith club at school?
- Should “one nation under God” be included in the pledge of allegiance?
- Is it appropriate to teach religion in schools?
- Is it permissible for pastors to marry?
- Is it legal for minors to obtain birth control without parental consent?
- Is it feasible for the United States to switch to a single-payer healthcare system?
- Is it legal to assist someone in taking their own life?
- Is it legal for companies to pay celebrities to promote their products on social media?
- Is it acceptable for doctors to advertise drugs?
- Is the electoral college an effective system for today’s America?
- Will Puerto Rico be allowed to join the Union as a state?
- Is it possible to have voter registration be automatic?
- Is it permissible for imprisoned individuals to vote?
- Is it constitutional for Supreme Court justices to be elected?
- Is it possible to legalize sex work?
- Should Columbus Day be discontinued in favor of Indigenous Peoples’ Day?
- Is the death penalty legal?
- Is animal testing acceptable?
- Is the possession of illicit drugs a crime in your state?
- Is it legal to do an internship that isn’t paid?
- Should the minimum wage be increased?
- Is it legal to have monopolies?
- Is it a good idea to provide everyone with a basic income?
- Is a corporation’s tax rate greater or lower than that of individuals?
- Is it a good idea to require children to wear school uniforms?
- Will the use of PE affect a student’s grades?
- Is it possible to get a college education for free?
- Should Greek life at colleges be ended?
- Is comprehensive sex education necessary for students?
- Is graffiti art or vandals?
- Should offensive words be censored from books?
- Is it time to tighten content regulation on YouTube?
- Is it true that art education is critical?
- Is it legal to share art and music on the internet?
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